By John W. I. Lee

ISBN-10: 051137769X

ISBN-13: 9780511377693

ISBN-10: 0511378580

ISBN-13: 9780511378584

ISBN-10: 0521870682

ISBN-13: 9780521870689

Professor Lee offers a social and cultural historical past of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got frequently been portrayed as a unmarried summary political neighborhood, this ebook finds that lifestyles within the military was once quite often formed via a suite of smaller social groups: the formal unit supplier of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group'). It contains complete remedy of the environmental stipulations of the march, ethnic and socio-economic family among the warriors, apparatus and delivery, marching and camp behaviour, consuming and consuming, sanitation and treatment, and lots of different themes. It additionally accords distinctive cognizance to the non-combatants accompanying the warriors. It makes use of historic literary and archaeological facts, historical and glossy comparative fabric, and views from army sociology and smooth battle reviews. This booklet is vital examining for a person engaged on old Greek conflict or on Xenophon's Anabasis.

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2–3). The march route 35 not flee collaborated with the Cyreans in hopes of preserving their homes and at least some of their food. One way or the other, apparently little or no fighting occurred within settlements. Furthermore, fleeing inhabitants seem never to have torched their villages before leaving. 111 The settlements of Anatolia represented the Cyreans’ main source of provisions for some two and a half months. 113 A large agglomeration of well-stocked villages surrounding a palace, such as the Cyreans encountered in western Armenia, might furnish rations for a week or more, but a group of small hamlets, as in Carduchia, probably could not produce more than a day or two’s supplies.

1988) 356–7. The Euphrates in July and August had subsided from its spring peak but not yet reached its October minimum flow. An. 7–9, Naval Intelligence Division (1944) 26, Barnett (1963) 5. Naval Intelligence Division (1943) 78, Republic of Iraq (1962) 44–6, 107–8. In the Baghdad area, from two to five days in July may see daytime highs exceeding 45◦ C (113◦ F); in August, there may be five or more such days. 43 f rom the euphrates to t he t igris The third period of the campaign, from the battle of Cunaxa in early August until the entry into Carduchia in mid-October, saw the end of Cyrus’ hopes and the beginning of the mercenaries’ struggle for survival.

For more on the timeline of Cunaxa see Chapter Six; on heat illness and acclimation to high temperatures see Chapter Nine. 28 A Greek Army on the March also explain why both Cyreans and Persians sat motionless for twenty days – the balance of August – after Clearchus and Tissaphernes concluded a truce. 57 As the army trekked north and August gave way to September, the heat fell off dramatically. Although daytime temperatures in the region of the Greater Zapatas could still reach into the upper 30◦ s C (95◦ –100◦ F or so) in late September – around the time of the seizure of the generals – days were getting shorter and nights cooler.

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A Greek army on the march : soldiers and survival in Xenophon's Anabasis by John W. I. Lee

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