By Franco Cardini
L'autore ricerca i 'caratteri originali' della grande città d'arte attraverso un viaggio nel suo passato, dalle origini ai tempi della florentina libertas, dai fasti del Principato mediceo e asburgo-lorenese, consistent with giungere alla Firenze del XX secolo con i suoi problemi e le sue crisi, ma anche con l. a. sua carica inventiva e los angeles sua spinta al rinnovamento. Il volumea ha lo scopo di cogliere in pochi, forti tratti della città, di rivisitare il passato alla luce del presente consistent with comprendere i caratteri originali.
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Additional resources for A Short History of Florence
The point is that the differentiation of the social and financial status of the citizens, the increased volume of trade and consequently the ever more quickly whirling circulation of wealth, the influx of aristocratic families and members of an upstanding middle class from the country had produced - with the growth of the city’s dimensions - a considerable divarication and complication of social and political life. The appearance of consuls, from 1138, marks, among other things, the first definite proof that by then Florence had started on the road to city government.
The first was the cardo maximus, running north and south; it was more or less the part of the Via Cassia that crossed the city and was the continuation of the part which, coming from the south side of the Arno (nowadays known as the oltrarno), crossed the river by the bridge, first made of wood and then of masonry, later known as Ponte Vecchio. The second main street was the decumanus, which ran east and west. Four gates stood at the points where the two streets touched the surrounding walls. The cardo maximus followed more or less the course of the present-day Via Calimala and Via Roma; the decumanus that of Via del Corso, Via degli Speziali and Via Strozzi.
But it is accepted as fact that Florence had her own bishop, Felix, from the time of Constantine; that she was visited by Ambrose who gave the young diocese prestige by a gift of relics and by contributing to the foundation of the basilica of San Lorenzo, just outside the city walls. It is also accepted that Florence found a first pater patriae (father of the homeland) in Bishop Zanobi (the Florentine version of another oriental name, Zenobius) who in 405 stirred up the Florentines to resist the Goth Radagaiso who had laid siege to the city and was then defeated and executed by Stilicone, the great general of the Emperor Honorius.
A Short History of Florence by Franco Cardini