By Mogens Herman Hansen, Thomas Heine Nielsen

ISBN-10: 0198140991

ISBN-13: 9780198140993

This can be the 1st lexicon of all identifiable Greek urban states of the Archaic and Classical sessions (c.650-325 BC). in this time, the japanese Mediterranean was once ruled by way of Greeks who shared an id in line with language, faith, and traditions; even if, the Greek international was once divided politically into a few 1,500 urban states, every one which include an city heart with its instant hinterland. This e-book comprises descriptions of 1,035 of those urban states, equipped area by means of area.

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Davies (1984) 306; Gauthier (1993) 217–25; Quass (1979). 41 Ward-Perkins (1998) 371–82; Jones (1964) 712–66. ad 300. The urban aspects of the polis are emphasised; but when it comes to the political achievements and the constitution of the polis, Menander admits that there is no longer much to be said here, because all Roman poleis are now governed by one [polis], sc. Rome! 10–14). 43 Lib. Or. 266; see Saradi-Mendelovici (1988) 374–401. 44 Procop. Aed. v. 1. 806. 45 Jones (1940). For polis, komopolis and kastron denoting towns in the Byzantine period, see Haldon (1999) 1, 11–14.

700? Scholars are still divided over these issues and even more over the question of when the polis came to an end. Some historians place the decline of the polis in C4 and its fall in the years after 338. The prevailing view, which we endorse, is that it persisted through the Hellenistic and Roman periods and disappeared in late Antiquity only after a long decline that lasted several centuries. The disappearance of the polis was gradual and imperceptible, just like its emergence. 1. The Origin of the Polis For the origin of the Greek polis we have three di·erent types of evidence: (a) the linguistic evidence obtained by a comparative study of related words in other Indo-European languages, (b) the literary and epigraphical evidence of C8– C6, and (c) the physical remains of early settlements.

At the Copenhagen Polis Centre we want to know how the Greeks perceived their own settlement pattern, and therefore our investigation has been based, first of all, on a careful examination of the terminology used and the siteclassifications found in our sources. In this type of study it is necessary to describe and define the ancient concept of the polis before we begin to compare it with the modern concept of the city-state. Since concepts have to be studied through language, we started with the terminology: in all literary and epigraphical sources of the Archaic and Classical periods we collected every attestation of the term polis in order to conduct two di·erent investigations.

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An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis by Mogens Herman Hansen, Thomas Heine Nielsen


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